E-mails appear to have a negligible effect on voter turnout.
Social connections, such as Facebook, may work as well
Limited tests have shown that text messaging has shown increased turnout by 2.6%
Nonpartisan e-mails designed to encourage voter participation has negligible effects on voter registration
70% of population used e-mail in 2006. Especially high among registered voters.
Many e-mails are unopened. Some studies indicated an opening
rate of 10-20% Benefits